Origin of name: Named for the Massachusett tribe of North America who live there.
Nickname: Bay State
Motto: Ense Petit Placidam Sub Liberate Quietem (By the Sword We Seek Peace, but Peace Only Under Liberty.)
Major Cities: Boston, Worchester, and Springfield.
Population: (13th) 6,349,097
Area: (45th) 9,241 sq mi, 23,934 sq km
Tree: American elm
Largest Lake: Webster Lake
Major rivers: Connecticut, Charles, and Merrimack
Statehood: (6th) February 6, 1788